adderall better than vyvanse

 adderall better than vyvanse

Vyvanse and Adderall are both amphetamines so they work in much the same way. They stimulate the nervous system and increase the amount of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. Adderall and Vyvanse are both considered controlled substances. They carry the risk of addiction if they’re taken for a long time.
However, Vyvanse is less likely to be abused than Adderall. This is because the body needs to break Vyvanse down before it can start to work. With amphetamines, there is also a concern about the potential for misuse to get a sense of euphoria­, in other words, to get high. Unlike other stimulants, Vyvanse can’t be injected or inhaled to get high. This may help to make it less likely than Adderall to be misused.

How to take adderall

– The adderall tablets can be taken one to three times daily. The first dose should be taken in the morning after first waking up. Any additional doses should be spread out and taken every four to six hours. Either with food or an empty stomach and it’s not advisable to take it late in the evening as it can cause sleeping difficulties
– The capsules are taken once daily and should be taken in the morning after first waking up. With an empty stomach or with food. Taking it later than early morning hours can cause sleeping difficulties

 Side Effects

– It can cause psychological and physical dependence and can be misused or abused which may cause sudden death and serious cardiovascular adverse reactions.
– Bladder pain
bloody or cloudy urine
difficult, burning, or painful urination
– Fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
– Frequent urge to urinate
– Lower back or side pain
– And other less common side effects like Loss of appetite, weight loss, dry mouth, stomach upset/pain, nausea/vomiting, dizziness, headache, diarrhea, fever, nervousness, and trouble sleeping may occur.

Why you should take Adderall

Why you should take Adderall

– The FDA has approved Adderall to treat ADHD and narcolepsy. This drug is used to treat a certain sleeping disorder (narcolepsy) to help you stay awake during the day. It should not be used to treat tiredness or to hold off sleep in people who do not have a sleep disorder.
– Depression. Adderall isn’t an antidepressant, but it’s sometimes used to treat depression that doesn’t respond to other treatments. It may also be used to treat depression in people who have both ADHD and depression.buy adderall online
– Anxiety, It can help increase your ability to pay attention, stay focused on an activity, and control behavior problems
– Bipolar disorder. In this case, adderall is used in conjunction with bipolar medication after consultation with your doctor- Studying and weight loss

You’ve hit on a topic that’s timely, complex and quite often controversial. When prescribed and used properly, Adderall can be beneficial. But as with any prescription drug, off-label use can create a host of problems.

Look at first-person accounts and you’ll find numerous parents of children with ADHD — that’s attention deficit hyperactivity disorder — who detail the ways that Adderall has helped their son or daughter. But it doesn’t take much digging to find that abuse of the drug is a growing problem.

Let’s start with the drug itself. Adderall is the brand name of a prescription drug composed of two stimulants — amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. It has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat children, adolescents and adults who have been diagnosed with ADHD, a condition marked by a cluster of disruptive behaviors. These may include agitation, lack of focus, disorganization, forgetfulness, fidgeting, excessive talking or frequent interrupting. Adderall is not approved for use by anyone younger than 6 years old.

Why do young people take adderall if they don’t need it?`

As with all stimulants, buy Adderall online increases the levels of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a chemical known as a neurotransmitter, which plays a role in learning ability, movement, attention, and in feelings of pleasure or even euphoria. Adderall helps people with ADHD feel calm and remain focused.

The problem is that Adderall abuse among young adults is rising. According to research conducted at Johns Hopkins University, the number of prescriptions for Adderall among young adults remains steady. However, levels of abuse, as well as visits to the emergency room due to adverse effects of that abuse, has spiked.

The newest research shows that misuse of Adderall is highest among young adults between the ages of 18 and 25. Although some may obtain their own prescriptions, most are either buying the medication illegally, or are getting it from family members or friends.

Between 2009 and 2011, the time period covered by the study, use of Adderall among young adults without a prescription rose by 67 percent. During that same time period, ER visits associated with non-prescription Adderall use rose by more than 150 percent.buy adderall online

The drug has a reputation as a study aid that increases concentration and sharpens focus. But non-prescription use of Adderall carries serious risks. Common side effects include stomach upset, increased heart rate, dizziness, dry mouth and mood swings. Adderall is a controlled substance, and possession without a prescription is a felony.

The bottom line is that non-prescription use of Adderall for any reason is both dangerous and illegal.adderall for sale

 

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What is adderall

What is adderall

Adderall is a prescription medication that formed from the combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine which are central nervous system stimulants that affect chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control. It’s most commonly used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It’s also used to treat narcolepsy.

Generic Adderall

Adderall oral tablet and Adderall XR extended-release oral capsule are both available in generic forms. The generic name for the drug in both the tablet and the capsule is amphetamine/dextroamphetamine salts.

Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. In some cases, the brand-name drug and the generic version may be available in different forms and strengths.

Adderall is considered a first-choice treatment option for ADHDStudies show that it improves attention and focus, and reduces impulsive behaviors. Between 75 percent and 80 percent of children with ADHD will see improved symptoms with the use of stimulants such as Adderall.

Adderall is also effective for increasing daytime wakefulness in people with narcolepsy, although there is little related research available.

Adderall ingredients

Adderall contains a mixture of different forms of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Specifically, these forms include amphetamine aspartate, amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, and dextroamphetamine sulfate.

Adderall high

When taken at typical doses for conditions such as ADHD, it doesn’t usually cause a feeling of being high.

Some people who take it may experience feelings of being energetic, focused, excited, or self-confident. Feelings of euphoria also sometimes occur. These effects are more likely when the medication is misused or abused.

Adderall dosage

 

The Adderall dosage your doctor prescribes will depend on several factors. These include:

  • the type and severity of the condition you’re using it to treat
  • your age
  • the form of Adderall you take
  • other medical conditions you may have

Typically, your doctor will start you on a low dosage and adjust it over time to reach the dosage that’s right for you. They’ll ultimately prescribe the smallest dosage that provides the desired effect.

The following information describes dosages that are commonly used or recommended. However, be sure to take the dosage your doctor prescribes for you. Your doctor will determine the best dosage to suit your needs.

Oxycodone Addiction And Treatment

Oxycodone Addiction And Treatment

 

Oxycodone abuse is responsible for many opioid overdose deaths. High prescription rates increase the risk of opioid abuse, but evidence-based treatment can help individuals find freedom from addiction.

Addiction to prescription opioids has become rampant in the United States, particularly in the last few decades. While many opioids contain chemical properties that can make them addicting, some are more addictive than others.

Oxycodone is one of the most commonly abused prescription opioids. In fact, it’s also one of “the most common drugs involved in prescription opioid overdose deaths,” according to the Center For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC).

Yet addiction to oxycodone is treatable. Addiction to opioids like oxycodone may affect many aspects of your health, but each of these can be addressed with the right treatment program.

Reversing the damage of addiction may seem daunting, but in truth, it’s both possible and attainable with the right help and access to resources.

What Is Oxycodone And How Is It Abused?

Oxycodone is “a semi-synthetic opiate manufactured by modifying the chemical thebaine, an organic chemical found in opium,” according to the Center For Substance Abuse Research (CESAR).

Percocet and Percodan are common medications prescribed for pain relief that contain the active ingredient from Oxycodone. The most well-known form of this medication, though, is probably OxyContin.

OxyContin is intended for moderate to severe pain and is supposed to release over time (it’s usually available in extended-release tablets). Because it’s intended for a slow-release, abuse of this medication is highly dangerous.

When people abuse oxycodone, they may crush the pills and snort the powder, or dissolve it in water and inject it in the blood, muscle, or under the skin. Forcing a quicker release causes rapid effects, which in turn ensures too much oxycodone enters the bloodstream at one time. This increases the risk of adverse effects, like slowed breathing, as well as the risk of overdose.

Some people also abuse opioids with other substances, like alcohol. This is usually done to achieve enhanced “high” effects but can have dire effects as well.

The U.S. National Library Of Medicine warns that you can experience “serious or life-threatening” side effects if you abuse oxycodone. Abuse of a prescription medication includes changing the frequency of the dose, changing the amount you take, changing the administration, or taking a prescription that doesn’t belong to you.

What Are The Side Effects Of Oxycodone Abuse?

When oxycodone is taken as prescribed, the side effects tend to be mild. It’s an abuse of the drug that causes adverse side effects, especially when combined with abuse of other substances. Side effects of oxycodone abuse may include:

Headaches, dizziness, and nausea
Heart failure
Increase to the pressure of spinal or cerebral fluids
Irregular breathing or respiratory depression
Low blood pressure
Seizures
Fatal overdose due to cardiac arrest or slowed breathing
The U.S. National Library Of Medicine explains that fatal overdose is especially a risk when taking crushed, extended-release OxyContin tablets.

Side effects are more easily monitored when you’re using this medication under your doctor’s care. It’s when you abuse oxycodone outside the care of a physician that you’re most at risk of abuse, addiction, and other consequences. As CESAR reports, “when used illicitly, the chances of becoming addicted to it increase exponentially.”

Because of how opioids work—by changing the way your brain and body respond to pain—taking them when you aren’t experiencing great pain can be harmful. Also, you’re most at risk of developing an addiction to oxycodone if you take it for recreational use.

Signs Of Oxycodone Addiction

At first, it may be difficult to recognize the signs of oxycodone addiction. There are a few telltale symptoms that signal you, or someone you know, are addicted.

It’s important to understand that since opioid addiction affects your mind, body, and emotional health, signs of addiction to it may be physical, behavioral, or mental. One of the biggest signs of any addiction is the inability to stop the use of the substance, even if you want to stop, or being unable to stop taking more than your prescribed dose.

The American Academy Of Family Physicians (AAFP) reports the following signs of opioid abuse and addiction:

Agitation
Anxiety
Constipation
Depression
Drowsiness
Euphoria
Irritability
Lack of coordination
Lack of motivation
Poor judgment or decision-making
Nausea and vomiting
Shallow or slowed breathing
Shirking responsibilities
Sleep troubles and changes to sleep patterns

What Are The Consequences Of Oxycodone Abuse?

Just as with other opioid addictions, there are many consequences for oxycodone addiction. To start, if you abuse the drug long enough to develop dependence to it, you’ll likely experience withdrawal symptoms. If you also build a tolerance to it, you may begin taking it more frequently or taking higher doses, which is dangerous due to the risk of overdose.

Dependence means that you have formed a physical reliance on the drug. In other words, if you try to cut back or stop the use of it, you’ll experience withdrawal symptoms. These can be quite severe and may include anxiety, flu-like symptoms such as fever, nausea, and vomiting, insomnia, and muscle pain.

Having a tolerance means you won’t feel the effects of the drug-like you used to. With a drug as powerful as oxycodone, you may guess that the results of tolerance could be disastrous. While you may not feel the effects of the drug, your body can still only process so much oxycodone at a time.

If you don’t feel the effects and take more, oxycodone may reach excessive levels in your body. This is how overdose occurs.

One of the worst consequences of substance abuse is an addiction. Addiction can mean tolerance that pushes you to keep taking the drug. It can mean withdrawal that keeps you abusing it long after you realize you should stop. It can mean overdose before you realize that you’ve had too much.

In addition to all of these possibilities is the toll oxycodone addiction can have on your personal life. From relationships to work, family, and friends, no part of your life stays untouched by addiction.

Can You Overdose On Oxycodone?

The unfortunate truth is that, as with many opioids, you can overdose on oxycodone. It’s a potent pain reliever, prescribed to treat only extreme to severe pain. Even so, the medicine is meant to work slowly over time because it’s powerful.

Overdose from opioids is a medical emergency and should be treated with extreme care. If you suspect someone is suffering from an opioid overdose, get emergency medical help right away.

The following are signs of an opioid overdose:

Cold, clammy feeling to the skin
Extreme drowsiness
Limp/weak muscles
Loss of consciousness
Pinpoint pupils
Slowed or stopped breathing
Trouble breathing

Who Is Affected?

The number of people affected by prescription opioid abuse and addiction now numbers in the millions every year. As prescription rates increase, so do rates of abuse, addiction, and overdose.

The CDC reports that “as many as 1 in 4 people who receive prescription opioids long term for noncancer pain in primary care settings struggles with addiction.”  More than that, emergency departments see more than 1,000 visits per day due to opioid abuse.

The CDC tracked opioid abuse and overdoses due to opioids from 1999 to 2014 and found that the number of overdoses quadrupled from the beginning of this period to the end of it. During those years, more than 183,000 people died of an opioid overdose.

Also, opioid abuse is more rampant in people between the ages of 25 and 54, males, and in non-Hispanic whites, though abuse is seen in many different demographics.

What Treatments Are Available For Oxycodone Addiction?

Decades ago, there were no viable treatment options for oxycodone or other opioid addiction. Today, there is a multitude of effective methods, with more evidence-supported methods being researched all the time.

Opioid addiction changes your brain chemistry and communication, so treatment has to address those issues. In turn, your behavior, moods, and thought processes are changed, and treatment must address those changes as well. Withdrawal, tolerance, and residual effects (like lack of nutrition, exercise, and sleep) affect your body, and treatment must also work to reverse these changes.

This is a tall order, but in the right environment, and with the right people behind you, it can be done. The following are some of the most effective, evidence-based methods available at our rehab centers:

Counseling: family, group, and individual
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
Treatment for men
Treatment for women
Skill building
Mindfulness techniques
Adventure therapy
Wilderness therapy
Medication-assisted therapy
Medically supervised detoxification
Co-occurring disorder treatment
Motivational interviewing
Aftercare services

Where Can You Find Treatment?

If you’re struggling with oxycodone addiction, and you want to break free from the dangers of it but don’t know where to start, we can help.

At Addiction Campuses, we’ll connect you with all the resources you need to heal, including the best rehab centers with the most viable treatment options. Contact us today at Addiction Campuses, or call 888-816-8415.

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Written by Addiction Campuses Editorial Team

© 2020 AddictionCampuses.com. All rights reserved.
This page does not provide medical advice.
Article Sources
Medically reviewed by

Isaac Alexis, M.D., AAMA, AMP-BCRevised on August 16, 2019
Table of ContentsWhat Is Oxycodone?
Side Effects Of Oxycodone Abuse
Signs Of Oxycodone Addiction
Consequences Of Oxycodone Abuse
Oxycodone Overdose
Treatments For Oxycodone Abuse
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ADDERALL BUY ONLINE

Where To Get ADHD Medications?

 

BUY ADDHD DRUGS

ADDERALL BUY ONLOINE ,Are you having difficulty getting your prescription for stimulant medication filled? Particularly if you have a prescription for amphetamine mixed salts (the Adderall generics), or more recently for immediate-release methylphenidate (Ritalin generics), you may find that your pharmacy is out and unable to tell you when they will get more.

In a previous blog, CHADD’s Tim MacGeorge developed some guidance on what to do if you are in this dilemma. This blog will explain what is causing the problem and what CHADD is doing to address it.

The shortages began last spring and all parties thought it would be a short-term problem. But now it is six months later and the problem is getting bigger, not smaller. To understand the problem, it helps to understand the process:

• Stimulant medications are considered Schedule II controlled substances and their production comes under the purview of the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). The DEA’s mission is to ensure that controlled medications are not used for nonmedical purposes.
• Pharmaceutical companies that manufacture stimulants apply to the DEA for permission to purchase a certain amount of the “active pharmaceutical ingredient” (API). This is the controlled substance within the stimulant medications.
• At the beginning of each calendar year, the DEA approves each company for a certain amount of the API. It is normally less than requested by each company, and the aggregate of all awards is the DEA’s best guess of the legitimate need for the year.
• Once approved, the company purchases the API and begins manufacturing the medications. It usually takes 8 to 12 weeks for the medications to be manufactured.
• And then they go to market.

Where Does It Go Wrong?

It only takes one company that has a problem in delivering its portion of the market share for the dominoes to begin to fall. Because each company is limited to a certain portion of the active ingredient, the companies are unable to step in when another company is having problems. Or if the DEA is wrong in its estimates of the number of legitimate prescriptions that will be written, then a shortfall can occur. Or the amount of medication may be correct, but the geographical distribution of the medications by all the companies involved may not lead to an even distribution across the country. The shortage continues until the original problem is solved.

Companies can go back to the DEA and request more of the API, but the application process is long and cumbersome. If the shortage occurs close to the end of the calendar year, companies are more likely to wait for the new annual award of API.

When all goes well, each pharmaceutical manufacturer has enough inventory to carry over into the new year until spring, when the production started in January actually reaches the market. This year the inventories are very low or nonexistent, raising concerns that there will not be sufficient medications available to make it until spring.

If the shortage continues for a while, as it has for ADHD medications, then other things begin to happen. Over time, physicians begin to change prescribing habits to other medications that are more readily available, such as the short-acting methylphenidate medications. But again, production of these medications is limited by the DEA. As a result, the shortage is spread to a new group of medications.

Some pharmacies or chain store distribution centers may begin to stockpile the medications, in anticipation of the shortages. This then aggravates the shortages in other areas.

Unfortunately, no one agency or manufacturer owns the problem. The Food and Drug Administration has responsibility for addressing medication shortages, but has no authority with the Drug Enforcement Agency. The DEA feels that it has a limited role of ensuring only the amount of medication legitimately needed is manufactured and the possibilities for diversion are reduced. And the manufacturers cannot respond quickly to shortages caused by internal problems or by other manufacturers because their production is limited by the DEA. As a result, there is a fair amount of finger pointing and little problem solving.

What Is the Short-Term Outlook?

Not great. Many of the companies that manufacture the short-acting stimulant medications report they have no inventory left or limited inventory. Given the manufacturing time lag of 8 to 12 weeks, it is unlikely that the 2012 DEA-approved medications will get to market until March at the earliest. No one seems to be able to estimate the amount of medications currently in pharmacies across the country. You should anticipate that getting your prescriptions filled for short-acting stimulants in particular, and all stimulant medications in general, may get more difficult as we move into the new year. So plan ahead.

Work closely with your physician and allow enough time before your current prescription is gone to actively search for a pharmacy that has your medication. Prescribing physicians and patients may need to consider long-acting, time-release medications rather than short-acting medications. If you have been purchasing the less expensive generic medications, you may need to consider the more expensive, name-brand medications. And you might need to consider a different delivery method such as the skin patch or liquid medication. Another option may be to try one of the nonstimulant medications that treat ADHD.adderall buy online

What Is CHADD Doing?

Given the manufacturing time lag, our current shortage seems destined to play out. But we can work to make sure this does not happen again. CHADD has been speaking out about the problems to the media to help raise awareness of the issue. Almost every day we are contacted by a major media outlet covering the story. We have been in touch with all the major and many smaller pharmaceutical manufacturers who make stimulant medications to clearly understand the scope of the problem and what steps might make it better. And we are organizing a coalition of concerned groups with the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Other groups who have joined with us include patient advocacy, clinician, and pharmacy-related associations. The larger our coalition, the more power we will have to influence the agencies involved and Congress.

In early 2012, we will be meeting again with officials from the FDA and the DEA, and ultimately, with key senators and congressmen who can influence the policy of these agencies. We are determined to make sure this problem is solved. CHADD will continue to keep you informed about the shortages and what you can do to help us address this issue. While we may need to weather this storm, we will do all we can to make sure it does not happen again

Where to Buy Adderall Online

Buying Adderall online does not necessarily have to be a complicated and stressful experience if you know the right place. It can be just as safe as buying it from a pharmacy if you find a legitimate online website. No authentic website will sell you Adderall without a prescription and the same is true for the online ones. If you are wondering where to buy Adderall online, Blink Health is an excellent source for Adderall as well as other prescription and OTC drugs. It is committed to lowering the cost of pharmaceutical drugs for you by cutting off the middlemen. You can search Adderall on the website and you will be led to the lowest priced options. After paying the discounted price online, Adderall can be delivered either to your given address or you can pick it up from any one of their 35,000+ partner pharmacies. A valid prescription is needed to place an order. You can rest assured that you are getting the same product for a price of up to 80% lower! The initiative directly works with the pharmaceutical supply industry to negotiate a lower price for you.
The generic versions of Adderall are also available on Blink Health and are totally safe to use as they are FDA approved and have the same strength, safety, effectiveness, and dosage as their branded counterparts.

Effects on Adderall on learning

Effects on Adderall on learning

Many students today are tempted to use drugs like Adderall to improve performance on tests. After all, most of us have heard the dramatic stories from others of how prescribed stimulants like Adderall can improve focus and make studying more effective. According to some users, Adderall has made the difference between acing a test and failing miserably, or allowed them to finish that last minute project with ease. But what are the real effects of Adderall on learning for students not prescribed the drug?

As it turns out, the reality is possibly quite different than the perception. Read on to learn what scientific studies have revealed about the true relationship between Adderall (and other stimulant “study aids”) and learning.

The Real Impact of Adderall on Learning

As an amphetamine, Adderall keeps you awake and stifles your appetite (just like caffeine and other common study aids). Both these effects are perceived, by users, to help with studying. Apart from these changes, many users claim a long list of cognitive benefits attained from taking the drug. For people with ADHD, Adderall brings their minds down from a state of overstimulation to one of baseline stimulation by tapping into the part of the brain that controls hyperactivity and impulses. But for the average brain, it has been shown to have the opposite affect, and provide more stimulation. Although this overstimulation may seem to provide benefits to the users, the reality is less clear.

Concentration and Focusbuy adderall online

One main reason that people are attracted to Adderall is that it is supposed to improve your focus so you can study harder for an exam or cram a heavy-duty project into a limited amount of time. But does it really? According to numerous studies, the truth isn’t entirely clear.

The claim is based in good science. After all, Adderall mimics the effects of adrenaline in the brain, triggering a fight or flight response that brings with it added alertness, clarity, and focus. Evolutionarily-speaking, the brain is put on high alert for danger, allowing you to focus all your energy into one area. You can go over complex material many times without distractions, because your brains believes that it is helping you avoid trouble.

Unfortunately, this focus comes with a downside. While you may be more focused, it’s like having blinders on. You can only concentrate on the main objective, which means that people using Adderall may end up focusing exceedingly well on distractions rather than getting work done. Even when you manage to concentrate on the academic work, you may sacrifice creativity and flexible thinking for focus. Since creativity requires thinking outside the box, it goes against the drive to stay firmly within the box urged on by the drug. Due to this, the focus given by Adderall can actually be counterproductive on many tasks that require divergent thinking. You can actually be too focused to get the task done well.

Memory and Overall Cognitive Function

Another ascribed benefit of Adderall is improved memory. Again, though, the reality is somewhat more complex. According to researchers, there is some evidence that Adderall improves basic recall of material studied while on the drug. Students who have used Adderall to cram facts into their brain are reporting these benefits.

Unfortunately, Adderall has a limited impact on working memory. In fact, it can even decrease performance in some people. This means that while Adderall may make it easier to bring back exact facts learned, it does nothing to help you use or manipulate that information (which may be more important come test day). Executive functions come no more easily when on drugs like Adderall, and in the case of those already performing towards the far end of the bell curve, cognitive function can actually be hindered.

Studies show that while your impulse control may be better on Ritalin or Adderall, you are no smarter. The focus that Adderall provides encourages you to delay gratification and choose to study longer and harder. This can lead to improved academic outcomes in the short term; however, it does not not necessarily translate to long-term knowledge or improved performance without the continued use of the drug. Performance on active recall tasks aside, Adderall does not seem to improve your abilities related to complex thought.

Are the Effects of Adderall on Learning Worth the Risks?

So is Adderall worth taking illegally? Probably not, according to the Centers for Disease Control. Taking Adderall carries serious health risks that few casual users recognize, including an increased likelihood of anxiety, high blood pressure, sexual impotence, and even heart attack in otherwise healthy young adults. Plus, as an amphetamine, Adderall carries a serious risk of addiction and dependence.

While it can be tempting to take Adderall as a magic study aid, it may not be all it’s cracked up to be. Ultimately, Adderall may help you focus in the short term, but it’s important to recognize the trade-offs that come with its use (not to mention potential legal issues and academic consequences associated with taking Adderall without a prescription). When you consider that we still are not sure how much Adderall is actually helping academic performance, it may be worth thinking twice before popping a pill to get through your next exam. You probably are better off using other study aids that have been proven to be effective.

what is vyvanse

 

Vyvanse
Vyvanse is a prescription medication that treats Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in patients 6 years and above, and moderate to severe Binge Eating Disorder (B.E.D.) in adults. In other words, it is a central nervous system stimulant. It affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.
Effects
Vyvanse works by altering the balance of chemicals in your brain and increasing norepinephrine and dopamine levels. Norepinephrine is a stimulant and dopamine is a naturally occurring substance that affects pleasure and reward
Vyvanse or Lisdexamfetamine is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as part of a total treatment plan, including psychological, social, and other treatments.
It may help to increase the ability to pay attention, stay focused, and stop fidgeting.
Lisdexamfetamine may also be used to treat binge eating disorder (BED).
It may help to reduce the number of binge eating days.
Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, lisdexamfetamine (the active ingredient contained in Vyvanse) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Common side effects
Anxiety
Decreased appetite
Diarrhea
Dizziness
Irritability or feeling jittery
Loss of appetite
Nausea
Trouble sleeping
Upper stomach pain
Vomiting
While is not approved for weight loss, the use of Vyvanse for moderate-to-severe BED can lead to weight loss.
Rare side effects
Breathing difficulties or fast breathing
Increased heart rate
Severe mental/mood changes (such as confusion, hallucinations, delusion, paranoia and panic attacks)
Blurred vision
Overdose
A number of health effects which range from unpleasant to severe may be seen in cases of Vyvanse overdose. A Vyvanse overdose may lead to cardiac events as well as sudden death. Signs and symptoms of an overdose may also include:
mber of health effects—which range from unpleasant to severe—may be seen in cases of Vyvanse overdose. A Vyvanse overdose may lead to cardiac events as well as sudden death. Signs and symptoms of an overdose may also include:
– Uncontrollable shaking.
– Seeing or hearing things that are not there (hallucinations).
– Feelings of panic.
– Aggressive behaviors.
– Nausea and vomiting.
– Confusion and disorientation.
– Fever.
– Depression.
– Restlessness.
– Severe insomnia.
– Weakness.
– Fast heartbeat.
– Heart attack.
– Seizures.
– Coma.
– Death.
Warning:
● This medicine is not to be used for obesity or weight loss.
● Use of CNS stimulants (amphetamines and methylphenidate-containing products), including lisdexamfetamine dimesylate, have a high potential for abuse and dependence.
● Before taking this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are:
– Allergic to it or to other sympathomimetic drugs (such as amphetamine or dextroamphetamine); or if you have any other allergies.
– Also tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: blood circulation problems, mental problems, personal/family history of mental/mood disorders (such as bipolar disorder, depression, psychotic disorder, suicidal thoughts),
– Personal or family history of heart problems
– Personal or family history of a substance use disorder (such as overuse of or addiction to drugs/ alcohol)
– Personal/family history of uncontrolled muscle movements
● If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember in the morning hours. If it is afternoon or near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.

How To Prevent Contamination From Airborne Diseases

Contamination From Airborne Diseases

Several criteria should be take into account when choosing a mask. Such as application, type of mask, level of protection necessary, etc.

Application: depending on the profession, the field of application and the presence or absence of contagious diseases, patients and caregivers use a certain type of mask with a certain level of protection.
The type of mask: the two main types of masks are “surgical” masks and “respirators.” They have different functions, standards and objectives. The key point to keep in mind is that surgical masks only protect against infectious agents. Those that can be transmit via “droplets”, while protective masks or respirators. Also protect against the inhalation of infectious agents that can be transmitted by “airborne” routes.
The level of protection required: each of these types of masks is subject to different standards and regulations in different countries. Within these standards, there are different classes of devices to determine the degree of protection. Refer to the regulations in your geographical area.
Disposable or reusable: Surgical masks are only available as disposable. Respirators can be resuable. In the case of respirators, it is possible to replace the filter once it is full.

Safer Life

Effective life: the duration of a mask’s effectiveness varies according to use. It can be between three and eight hours. A cheaper mask can mean a short period of use. This is systematically indicate by the manufacturer.
Comfort: there are different sizes of masks, adaptable to the morphology of the person who will be wearing it. Protective masks or respirators can also be equip with an exhalation valve to improve user comfort. Some masks also cover the eyes if eye protection is required. These are called full face respirators or masks.

Wearing masks on the streets

N95 respirators and surgical masks (face masks) are examples of personal protective equipment. They are use to protect the wearer from airborne particles and from liquid contaminating the face. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) also regulate N95 respirators.

It is important to recognize that the optimal way to prevent airborne transmission is to use a combination of interventions from across the hierarchy of controls, not just PPE alone.

 

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

FDA is working with U.S. Government partners, including the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and international partners to closely monitor an outbreak caused by a novel (new) coronavirus first identified in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China.

The virus has been named “SARS-CoV-2” and the disease it causes has been named “coronavirus disease 2019” (abbreviated “COVID-19”).

While the U.S. Government considers this a serious public health concern, base on current information. The CDC has determine that the immediate health risk from COVID-19 to the general American public is consider low at this time. People in communities where ongoing community spread with the virus that causes COVID-19 has been report as high though still relatively low risk of exposure. Travelers returning from affected international locations, close contacts of persons with COVID-19, and healthcare workers caring for patients with COVID-19 are at elevated risk of exposure.

Comedi on face mask
‘Who was that masked man?’

Which surgical masks or respirators protect against contagious diseases and viruses?

In the presence of patients with contagious diseases or dangerous viruses, caregivers must be equipped with a suitable type of mask with a sufficient level of protection. Let’s take the cases of tuberculosis, coronavirus, SARS, H1N1 and the risks of bioterrorism.

  • Tuberculosis:
      • For the contagious patient: it is necessary to wear a surgical mask to avoid contamination of the surroundings by the projection of saliva droplets or secretions from the upper respiratory tract during exhalation.
      • For caregivers and visitors: it is necessary to wear a protective mask of a class of at least FFP1 or FFP2 (Class N or R in the United States) in case of multi-resistant tuberculosis or particularly high-risk situations (intubation, induced sputum, etc.).

        Wear face masks
        Feeling Sick

     

  • Coronavirus, SARS, H1N1:
    • For the contagious patient: it is necessary to wear the surgical mask as soon as contagion is notice.
    • Caregivers: it is necessary to wear a protective mask of at least class FFP2 or FFP3 (Class N, R or P in the United States). For maximum filtration of particles and aerosols when caring for a patient who is sick or suspect of being so.
  • Anthrax type bioterrorism: it is necessary to wear a FFP2 or FFP3 respirator (Class N, R or P in the United States).

 

Guidelines for wearing face masks

While face masks can help reduce the spread of the flu and other respiratory viruses, they only do so if worn correctly and frequently.

Here are some guidelines for proper mask-wearing:

  • Wear a face mask when coming within 6 feet of a sick person.
  • Position the strings to keep the mask firmly in place over the nose, mouth, and chin. Try not to touch the mask again until you remove it.
  • Wear a face mask before going near other people if you have the flu.
  • If you have the flu and need to see a doctor, wear a face mask to protect others in the waiting area.
  • Consider wearing a mask in crowded settings if the flu is widespread in your community, or if you’re at high risk for flu complications.
  • When you wear the mask, throw it away and wash your hands after a while. Never reuse a face mask.